What are the food additives? Need to use reasonably
Recently, Guangdong issued the "Notice on Further Strengthening School Food Safety and Promoting Dietary Nutrition Balance", guiding the school cafeteria to arrange meals reasonably, and the pickled food such as skewers and ham sausages will not be considered as amaranth, and the school will gradually not sell for health. Carbonated drinks, instant noodles, etc. It is understood that most of the foods mentioned are food additives, and eating too much does not have much benefit to the human body.
What is a food additive?
Food additives are a proper noun. They refer to substances that are approved for use in foods. The toxic and harmful substances such as formaldehyde, Sudan red and melamine are called non-edible substances. Non-edible substances are in food. How much is added is illegal. Food additives are different, as long as they are not used in excess or in excess of scope, they are legal. For example, adding a nationally-approved food coloring to a candy is not illegal as long as the content does not exceed the standard. Unless scientific research finds that it has a new toxic reaction, it is up to the government to change its use limit or remove it from the list of food additives.
What are the common food additives?
Sweeteners are the most basic ingredients used in the processing of fruits and vegetables. Beverages, pickles, cakes, biscuits, bread, ice cream, candied fruit, candies, seasonings, canned meat, etc. Sweetener. Commonly used are: saccharin, sodium cyclamate (sodium cyclamate), maltitol, sorbitol, xylitol and the like.
The colorant can replenish pigments lost during production and storage, ensuring uniform color of the finished product. The coloring agents (colorants) commonly used in food processing are classified into two types: natural food coloring and artificial synthetic coloring. Among them, although natural pigments are high in safety, they are expensive, unstable in processing and use, easy to change color, and smelly. Therefore, the current use is subject to certain restrictions. Among the synthetic pigments, artificially synthesized pigments such as amaranth, carmine, lemon yellow, sunset yellow, and caramel are allowed to be used. Mainly used in carbonated beverages, fruit juices, cakes, coloring, candy, hawthorn products, pickled side dishes, ice cream, jelly, chocolate, butter, instant coffee and other foods.
Preservatives are chemicals used to prevent microbial activity and extend the shelf life of food. Commonly used are: benzoic acid, sodium benzoate, sorbic acid, potassium sorbate and the like. It is mostly used in carbonated drinks, jams, preserves, pickles, soy sauce, vinegar, juice drinks and other foods.
Sour agents are an important excipient in the processing of fruits and vegetables, second only to sweeteners. Sour agents have the function of improving the quality of food. Commonly used are: citric acid, tartaric acid, lactic acid, malic acid. It is commonly used in various foods, for example: a considerable part of candy and chocolate products, especially fruit-type products.
Enzyme preparations and antioxidants
Enzyme preparation - The most widely used enzyme in the processing of fruit and vegetable is pectinase, which is mainly used to clarify juice. When the juice is treated with pectinase, the juice yield and clarification effect can be greatly improved. Antioxidants - The antioxidants used in the processing of fruits and vegetables are mainly water-soluble antioxidants. It is mostly used for color protection of foods, to prevent oxidative discoloration, and to prevent the flavor and quality of foods from being lowered by oxidation.
Tips: Food additives and non-food materials are not a concept. Food additives should not be harmful to humans as long as they are added according to the national regulations, but they will not be good for health, especially for children. A large number of food additive snacks can easily ruin the child's taste and cause a series of health problems.
For food additives, consumers don't have to panic, but they can't condone. Therefore, consumers should correct their own consumption concepts, treat food additives with an objective and fair attitude, and do not give up doubts and supervision of food safety.